A water Softening system is an essential component in any home that is located in an area served with hard water. Understanding the nature of the problem you are solving is crucial in choosing the best solution to the problem. Hard water is water that contains high levels of mineral content, especially calcium and magnesium. These minerals in hard water make cleaning operations at home quite difficult; leading to wastage of soap and synthetic detergents. Other numerous effects of hard water including clogging of pipes, formation of scales on bathtubs and sinks among many others make it crucial for home owners to install Water softening systems in their homes. Choosing the best water softener system for your home is crucial.
Salt based Ion exchange water softeners
This type of water softener cycles your household water through two tanks. One tank has special resin beads while the other tank is filled with brine. The resin beads come in handy in getting rid of the hardness ions. It basically works on the concept of ion exchange where it softens hard water by way of substituting salt that is the sodium, for the hard minerals such as calcium and magnesium hard. When the resin beads become exhausted and cannot extract any more of the hardness ions, the beads are refreshed in the regeneration process. Here a sodium solution is generated and washed through the resin beads. With this option remember that the softening process indeed adds some tiny amount of extra salt to the water which is however safe for consumption.
Salt-free water softeners
Unlike with the above discussed water softener, this uses potassium-chloride salt instead of sodium to regenerate. So if you are concerned about salt intake in your home, this option is convenient for you. To be precise this category of water softeners is really a descaler; it prevents minerals from actually depositing as sales on kitchen appliances and pipes rather than effectively reducing the hardness of the water.
Dual tank water softeners
This comes with two tanks. The advantage here is that while one is in use, the second tank is regenerating. This ensures an uninterrupted supply of soft water to your home.
Magnetic Water Softener
This is a newer approach to solving some of the challenges posed by hard water. In this approach, the system generates a magnetic field which changes electromagnetic properties of the hardness causing calcium carbonate minerals. This makes the minerals to be repelled by each other and by the water pipes. This technology doesn’t alter the chemical properties of the hard water. Hence the benefits of calcium and other particulates in the water are retained. This however implies the problem of soap and detergent lathering remains.
So depending on your needs these are the options available. But for you to determine the right water softener for your home, establish the following:
· The water softening capacity of the system.
· The amount of water and salt used in the regeneration
· Suitability of the design in ensuring your home’s water will be totally softened.
· The price is good enough and guarantees reliability and reduced running costs.